Menopause and its complications


Menopause is the physiological absence of menstruation or the presence of irregular menstruation in women. Its is common between the ages of 45-50 and in some rare cases at early 40s or late 30s. The complications of menopause follow as symptoms increase.

Complications of menopause

Menopause occurs in every woman though at different stages of life, menopause and its complications follow as age increases. Some complications can be managed effectively by taking the right precautions and medications.

The major complications of menopause are listed below.

  • Depression or mood swings
  • Osteoporosis also known as loss of bone mass
  • Increased risk of cardiovascular diseases like high blood pressure
  • Loss of sexual drive and heavy bleeding in some severe cases
  • Weakness
Menopause and its complications
Menopause and its complications

Signs of Menopause

Irregular menstruation, sweating or hot flushes mostly during sleeping hours, tiredness, insomnia (a sleep disorder), osteoporosis and increased risk of cardiovascular problems are the major signs of menopause.

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Also, estrogen level reduces as women grow older, the hormone is needed for regulation of several metabolic processes, insulin sensitivity, glucose metabolism as well as the regulation of  body weight.

Menopause results majorly due to low estrogen level, a hormone found  in the female ovaries which is responsible for the proper functioning of female reproductive organs.

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How to manage the complications of menopause

Depression and mood swings can be managed using antidepressants. The side effects of these drugs should however be considered, St. John’s wort and Omega-3 fatty acids are examples of mild antidepressants.

Vitamins and minerals like folic acid, vitamin A, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, zinc and iron have also been used to manage depression. However, you should see a doctor when you have depression before choosing a treatment plan.

Bone disorders like osteoporosis can be managed with a change in diet, calcium rich food substances that help bone formation and provide nutrition to joints are highly encouraged.

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Vitamin D is essential for bone formation and strength and it is available for sale in drug stores. Calcium rich food substances include; cheese, yogurt, sardines and canned salmon. Beans, almonds and some green vegetables are also rich in calcium.

Calcium is needed for the process of bone formation hence, eating calcium rich food may help reduce the risk of osteoporosis in menopausal women.

More tips for menopause and its complications

Little exercises like hiking, jogging, skipping or jumping ropes might be helpful. Women who take part in regular exercises at the early stages of life may have lower complications of menopause.

The loss of sexual drive may be linked to the painful sex that the women experience as a result of the dryness of the vaginal walls. Lubricants are used to manage this situation.

In conclusion, you can avoid the risk of cardiovascular diseases by checking your weight, avoid eating cholesterol rich food, regular exercise and proper diet. Hormone replacement therapy is used to treat menopausal symptoms and complications and it is aimed at increasing the estrogen level.